The OpenFog Consortium work is done by committees and workgroups focused on specific tasks aligned to our mission. This work includes technical work; influencing standards development through liaisons with other organizations; testbed; promoting innovation and industry interest in fog computing; and industry education.
The goal of the OpenFog Consortium is to create an open reference architecture for fog computing, build operational models and testbeds, define and advance technology, educate the market and promote business development through a thriving OpenFog ecosystem.
The work of the OpenFog Consortium is done by its members, with specific deliverables organized by the Working Committees and Working Groups. Currently, we have the following active teams:
The Technical Committee is the governing body responsible for the oversight of technical deliverables by the OpenFog consortium. It is responsible to vet technical collaborations with other standards bodies, special interest groups, and other collaborative alliances. It will accomplish this via the following:
This recent presentation from Fog World Congress 2017 will provide you with an understanding of our technical approach.
The Architecture Framework Working Group is the governing body responsible for the creation, maintenance, and adoption of an OpenFog reference architecture. The group will achieve this via the following activities including:
The Communications WG is a sub-group of the Technical Committee WG in the OpenFog consortium. The roles and responsibility of this group include:
The Security Working Group is the governing body responsible for the creation, maintenance, and adoption of the OpenFog Reference Architecture’s Security Pillar aspects and the associated security architecture. Please refer to our security technical paper for a better understanding of our intention and approach.
The Security Working Gorup will achieve this via the following activities including:
The Software Infrastructure WG is responsible for the definition of the Fog Node software composition model that will allow the creation of OpenFog computational infrastructure that is secure, elastic, adaptive, portable and interoperable. The group will achieve this with via the following activities:
The OpenFog Testbed Workgroup reports to the OpenFog Technical Committee. This workgroup is the governing body responsible for the creation, operation, and maintenance of the OpenFog testbed framework. The Testbed Workgroup works with OpenFog member organizations to apply the OpenFog reference architecture and its implementation to testbeds, in form of OpenFog Ready Technology and Solution. The Testbed Workgroup also defines the test requirements of OpenFog Technologies and Solutions and defines the methodology for evaluating the result of testbed trials.
The Marketing Committee is responsible for growing the market awareness of, and interest in, fog computing and the OpenFog Consortium. We also manage the brand and messaging of the OpenFog Consortium. We will achieve this via the following activities:
Barcelona Supercomputing Center
Barcelona Supercomputing Center (BSC) is the national supercomputing center in Spain. BSC specializes in high performance computing (HPC), and its mission is two-fold: to provide infrastructure and supercomputing services to European scientists, and to generate knowledge and technology to transfer to business and society. BSC is a Severo Ochoa Center of Excellence and a first level hosting member of the European research infrastructure PRACE (Partnership for Advanced Computing in Europe). BSC also manages the Spanish Supercomputing Network (RES). BSC is a consortium that includes Spanish Government, Catalan Government and Technical University of Catalonia – Barcelona Tech.
ETSI produces globally-applicable standards for Information and Communications Technologies (ICT), including fixed, mobile, radio, aeronautical, broadcast and internet technologies and is officially recognized by the European Union as a European Standards Organization. ETSI is an independent, not-for-profit association whose over 800 member companies and organizations, drawn from 68 countries, determine its work programme and participate directly in its work. OpenFog has a technical affiliation with the Multi-Access Edge Computing group at ETSI.
IEEE Communications Society
The IEEE Communications Society promotes the advancement of science, technology and applications in communications and related disciplines. It fosters presentation and exchange of information among its members and the technical community throughout the world. The Society maintains the highest standard of professionalism and technical competency.
IoT Acceleration Consortium
The IoT Acceleration Consortium aims to combine the strengths of government, industry, and academia and build a structure for developing and demonstrating technologies related to the promotion of IoT as well as creating and facilitating new business models. The consortium promotes (1) the development, demonstration, and standardization for IoT-related technologies and (2) creation of various IoT-related project and recommendations such as regulatory reform necessary to run those projects.
Since 1996, the OPC Foundation has facilitated the development and adoption of the OPC information exchange standards. As both advocate and custodian of these specifications, the Foundation’s mission is to help industry vendors, end-users, and software developers maintain interoperability in their manufacturing and automation assets. The OPC Foundation is dedicated to providing the best specifications, technology, process and certification to achieve multivendor, multiplatform, secure, reliable interoperability for moving data and information from the embedded world to the enterprise cloud. The organization serves over 470 members worldwide in the Industrial Automation, IT, IoT, IIoT, M2M, Industrie 4.0, Building Automation, machine tools, pharmaceutical, petrochemical, and Smart Energy sectors.
Fog computing is a system-level horizontal architecture that distributes resources and services of computing, storage, control and networking anywhere along the continuum from Cloud to Things. It is a:
A: Fog computing is the missing link to accelerate IoT. It spans the continuum from Cloud to Things in order to bring compute, control, storage and networking closer to where the data is being generated.
The sheer breadth and scale of IoT solutions requires collaboration at a number of levels, including hardware, software across edge and cloud as well as the protocols and standards that enable all of our “things” to communicate. Existing infrastructures simply can’t keep up with the data volume and velocity created by IoT devices, nor meet the low latency response times required in certain use cases, such as emergency services and autonomous vehicles. The strain on networks from cloud-only or cloud-mostly models will only get worse as IoT applications and devices continue to proliferate. In addition, the devices themselves are starting to become smarter, allowing for additional control and capabilities closer to where the data is being generated.
The OpenFog Consortium takes existing industry IoT efforts one step farther by concentrating on creating a composability architecture and approach to fog/edge/distributed computing. We are driving closer collaboration between the entire ecosystem of providers who enable IoT solutions and further the development of the IoT market, including creating a reference design that delivers interoperability close to the end devices. Our efforts will define an architecture of distributed computing, network, storage, control and resources that will support intelligence at the edge of IoT, including autonomous and self-aware machines, things, devices, and smart objects. OpenFog members will also identify and develop new operational models. Ultimately, our work will help to enable and drive the next generation of IoT.
A: Fog computing is a system-level horizontal architecture that distributes resources and services of computing, storage, control and networking anywhere along the continuum from Cloud to Things. By extending the cloud to be closer to the things that produce and act on IoT data, fog enables latency sensitive computing to be performed in proximity to the sensors, resulting in more efficient network bandwidth and more functional and efficient IoT solutions. Fog computing also offers greater business agility through deeper and faster insights, increased security and lower operating expenses.
A: Our goals are related to the technologies, innovation and market potential for fog computing. On the technical front, OpenFog Consortium workgroups are creating an open architecture for fog computing that is necessary to enable interoperability and scalability. We are working with our academia and research members to identify, share and apply best practices in advanced technologies around fog computing. Through a diverse set of members, we are creating an environment where different perspectives and requirements will foster innovation and wide interoperability within the industry. Just as cloud has created new business models, growth and industries, fog computing can eventually do the same.
A: The founding members are ARM, Cisco, Dell, Intel, Microsoft Corp., and the Princeton University Edge Laboratory.
A: OpenFog is an open membership based group, and membership is open to any organization wishing to join us in our mission. Our members are leading thinkers and innovators in fog computing technologies and applications: Industry and technology, research and academia, public and private sector. OpenFog members are headquartered in North America, Europe and Asia. The full list of members is located here; we have about 50 members today. The full list of members is located here.
A: Neither. Our objective is to influence standard bodies into creating standards so that IoT systems at the edge can interoperate securely with other edge systems and cloud services in a friction-free environment. The objective of the consortium is to establish a framework that the markets can flourish within. We have an affiliation agreement with IEEE and we will be establishing liaisons with other standards organizations, with the objective of collaborating in the standards creation.
A: The OpenFog Consortium is the only organization that is focused on fog computing. While other organizations are taking pieces of it, only OpenFog is addressing all aspects of fog computing across compute, control, access, network and storage. However, there is much work to be done, and we believe that the right approach is to collaborate with other consortia. We intend to leverage the technical output of other organizations through formal liaisons to our workgroups, and anticipate that they will similarly incorporate OpenFog architectural frameworks in their work. To date, we have established formal liaison agreements with IEEE, the Barcelona Supercomputing Center and OPC Foundation, and are holding discussions with additional organizations.
A: We are working closely with our university members and research groups across the globe on research, development, testing and education. Our academic members play an active and important role in the Consortium, through their advanced research of fog computing technology concepts in areas such as security, communications and fog nodes.
A: Fog computing will benefit every industry. In Smart Cities, for example, fog technology can bring intelligence to a range of urban services, including transportation, parking, lighting, traffic and waste management, public safety, and law enforcement. In energy, it might take 12 days via satellite to transmit one day’s worth of data to the cloud from a remote oil rig. With fog computing, the data is processed locally, and safety or equipment alerts can be acted upon immediately. In manufacturing and transportation, preventive maintenance applications can process a huge amount of sensor data to identify equipment failures in advance. In retail, data from parking lot video cameras can not only provide security surveillance, but can also work with fog analytics capabilities to predict store traffic flow, optimize staffing, etc.
A: The OpenFog Consortium is formed as a non-profit organization. It is governed by a 15-member Board of Directors, which consists of Founders, Contributing Members, and one Non-Profit Organization. Our current OpenFog Officers and Board of Directors are listed here. Information on current Board members is located here.
A: The work of OpenFog is done by members organized in four committees, under the direction of the Board of Directors. These committees are Technical, Marketing, Affiliations and Regional. There are several workgroups organized under the Committees, each focused on specific areas related to fog computing.
A: We’ve been busy. First, we launched and established our governance structure, and established and launched Committees and workgroups, with charters and objectives. One of the first tasks was to create a common definition of fog computing – there’s a lot of confusion out there, and this was critical. We laid out our vision for an open fog computing architecture, publishing the Overview of OpenFog Architecture white paper in March 2016. We formed technical workgroups in Architecture Framework; Communication; Security; Testbeds; Manageability; Software Infrastructure; and Liaisons; they have been hard at work on the OpenFog reference architecture framework, to be released in the 4Q 2016. (Targeted date: October). We formed affiliations with IEEE, ITAC and the Barcelona Supercomputing Center, and formed a technical liaison the OPC Foundation. Finally, we have continually evolved and strengthened the governance of OpenFog through an expanded Board of Directors.
A: OpenFog Consortium holds general membership meetings three times a year, held in rotating locations, where a large focus of the meeting is devoted to workgroup breakout sessions. In addition, the committees and workgroups meet on a weekly or bi-weekly basis via WebEx.
A: OpenFog currently has two active Regional Committees: Japan and North America. There will be Regional Committees established in Europe and the Greater China Region in the near future. These Committees conduct their activities in the local languages and are headed by an elected Regional Director. Each Committee has specific focused initiatives that complement the overall mission of OpenFog.
A: While adding fog computing to an IoT network would seem to add complexity, that complexity is sometimes necessary. In certain use cases, fog computing solves the inadequacies of cloud-only models, which have serious latency, network bandwidth, geographic focus, plus reliability and security challenges. OpenFog is taking steps to manage the incremental capacity increase in networks by creating common hardware and software platforms and very sophisticated orchestration, management, configuration, and network analytics capabilities to largely automate the operation of fog networks. We believe that the addition of fog to IoT networks will greatly increase their capabilities and revenue potential, leading to a very short payback for the purchase and installation of a fog network.
A: Despite all its hype, the IoT revolution is only just beginning. Applications and processes won’t begin to reach their full potential until we solve critical data issues associated with latency and bandwidth. This requires creating a highly-scalable and collaborative approach through fog computing, by organizations with deep expertise in a wide range of industries and technologies. Companies that wants to help drive this, can and should join the Consortium. Besides influencing the technical architecture framework, members develop important collaborative relationships with organizations at the forefront of fog computing. In addition, members can participate in OpenFog testbeds, networking events and other activities.
A: Membership is open to any organization or individual who wishes to join, regardless of size or geographic location. There are five levels of memberships available: Contributing member ($100,000/year); Influencing member ($25,000/year); Small Company member ($10,000/year); Government or Special Interest Group member ($5,000); and Academic/Nonprofit/Individual member ($5,000/year).